Internet Basics

  • The Internet is a collection of local, regional, national and international computer networks
  • The Internet evolved with four computers into a vast information network that connects millions of microcomputers, minicomputers and mainframe computers.
  • The Internet is decentralized by design and, remarkably, this anarchy by design works well.
  • An Internet Service Provider (ISP) charges an ongoing fee for providing Internet access.
  • The ISP provides the user with the communications software (such as e-mail) and user account.
  • The user supplies a modem that connects the computer to the users phone line.
  • The users computer dials the ISPs computer and establishes a connection over the phone line. Once connected the ISP routes data between the users computer and the Internet.
  • The Internet connects millions of people through a collection of computer networks.
  • The World Wide Web (WWW) was created in 1990.
  • WWW allows users to browse through information available on computers round the world.
  • WWW consists of documents called Web pages that contain information on a particular topic.
  • Link is a reference to another document in World Wide Web
  • Every Web page is stored as an HTML (HyperText Markup Language) document.
  • HTML is the standard that controls the working of WWW.
  • HTML is an SGML document type definition that determines how Web pages are formatted and displayed and thus enables information to be exchanged on the World Wide Web.
  • Standardized General Mark-up Language (SGML) is a Meta language that can be applied to documents in order to maintain their structure and context.
  • An HTML document contains special instructions called HTML tags that tell a Web browser how to display the text, graphics, and background of a Web page.
  • Web browsers are used to view Web pages, transfer files between computers, access commercial information services, send e-mail, and interact with other Internet users.
  • Web browser is a software application that enables a user to locate and view pages on Web site.
  • To request a Web page the user either types in the URL (Uniform Resource Locator).
  • URL is a global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web. Home page is the main page of a Website.
  • A home page is similar to the title page and table of contents in a book. It identifies the site and contains links to other pages at the site.

     Internet: Frequently asked terms/topics

Internet Protocols: TCP/IP, FTP, HTTP, Telnet, Gopher, Wide Area Information Service (WAIS); IP Address; Domain Name; E-Mail; World Wide Web (WWW); Uniform Resource Locator (URL); Web Pages; Hyper Text Mark-up Language; Web Browsers; Search Engines; Internet Chat; Newsgroups; Blogs; Social Websites; Intranet; E-Commerce; E-banking;

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