Internet Basics

Internet Basics form an integral part when it comes to the preparation of Bank PO/ Clerical examination. The changed exam pattern and exam syllabus for Bank PO/ Clerical includes an average of 5- 10 questions on the basics of internet besides the basic knowledge of computers.
The given article assists you with the basics of Internet, World Wide Web and Web Browser. Also, we give you the list of frequently asked terms from the domain of internet that you should focus on while preparing for Bank Po/ Clerical competitive examination.
Read the following pointers and excel in this area:
  • The Internet is a collection of local, regional, national and international computer networks.
  • The Internet evolved with four computers into a vast information network that connects millions of microcomputers, minicomputers and mainframe computers.
  • The Internet is decentralized by design and, remarkably, this anarchy by design works well.
  • An Internet Service Provider (ISP) charges an ongoing fee for providing Internet access.
  • The ISP provides the user with the communications software (such as e-mail) and user account.
  • The user supplies a modem that connects the computer to the users’ phone line.
  • The users’ computer dials the ISPs computer and establishes a connection over the phone line. Once connected the ISP routes data between the users’ computer and the Internet.
  • The Internet connects millions of people through a collection of computer networks.
  • The World Wide Web (WWW) was created in 1990.
  • WWW allows users to browse through information available on computers round the world.
  • WWW consists of documents called Web pages that contain information on a particular topic.
  • Link is a reference to another document in World Wide Web.
  • Every Web page is stored as an HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) document.
  • HTML is the standard that controls the working of WWW.
  • HTML is a SGML document type definition that determines how Web pages are formatted and displayed and thus enables information to be exchanged on the World Wide Web.
  • Standardized General Mark-up Language (SGML) is a Meta language that can be applied to documents in order to maintain their structure and context.
  • An HTML document contains special instructions called HTML tags that tell a Web browser how to display the text, graphics, and background of a Web page.
  • Web browsers are used to view Web pages, transfer files between computers, access commercial information services, send e-mail, and interact with other Internet users.
  • Web browser is a software application that enables a user to locate and view pages on Web site.
  • To request a Web page the user either types in the URL (Uniform Resource Locator).
  • URL is a global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web. Home page is the main page of a Website.
  • A home page is similar to the title page and table of contents in a book. It identifies the site and contains links to other pages at the site.
Internet: Frequently asked terms/topics
  • Internet Protocols: TCP/IP, FTP, HTTP, Telnet, Gopher, Wide Area Information Service (WAIS)
  • IP Address
  • Domain Name
  • E-Mail
  • World Wide Web (WWW)
  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
  • Web Pages
  • Hyper Text Mark-up Language
  • Web Browsers
  • Search Engines
  • Internet Chat
  • Newsgroups
  • Blogs
  • Social Websites
  • Intranet
  • E-Commerce
  • E-banking
We hope, the given list of basics on the internet boost your preparation and help you score well in the examination.
Good Luck!
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